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Ningbo is one of the cities opening up to the outside world, an independently planning-city enjoying the same rights as those of a provincial government in economic management, "a large city" entitled to formulate local laws and regulations, and a famous historic city with rich cultural heritage. It covers an area of 9,672 sq.km and has a population of 7.6 million. The jurisdiction of Ningbo City encompasses two counties (Xiangshan and Ninghai), three county-level cities (Yuyao, Cixi and Fenghua) and six urban districts (Haishu, Jiangdong, Jiangbei, Zhenhai, Beilun and Yinzhou).
Ningbo boasts a long history. It is the birthplace of the "Neolithic Hemudu Culture" dating back more than 7,000 years. Ningbo has been a well-known key port for foreign trade ever since ancient time. Ningbo ranked with Yangzhou and Guangzhou as the three biggest ports for foreign trade in Tang Dynasty and with Guangzhou and Quanzhou in Song Dynasty. After the First Opium War, Ningbo had been one of the five commercial ports opened to the Western countries. Ningbo port has become one of the important ports in China. In 2014, cargo throughput of the overall Ningbo Port reached 526 million tons and container throughput reached 18.7 million TEU, ranking 5th among ports globally.
Enjoying sound conditions for economic development, the social economy of Ningbo has been developed rapidly since opening up to the outside world. In 2014, The GDP of Ningbo reached RMB 760 billion,with the per capita GDP as USD 16,000,the local fiscal revenue 86.06 billion yuan .The average disposable income of urban dwellers grew to 44,155 RMB yuan and the net income of rural population climbed to 24,283 RMB yuan. Nowadays, Ningbo has become an important industrial city and foreign trade port in east China, a key city and chemical industrial base in Yangtze Delta and an economic center of Zhejiang Province.
Ningbo enjoys subtropical monsoon climate featuring mild temperature, moderate humidity and distinctive seasons. The city is an ideal tourist place with culture monuments and historical sites.